In recent years, robotics has emerged as a transformative force in the healthcare industry, revolutionising the way medical services are delivered and experienced. The initial introduction of medical robots in the 1980s primarily focused on surgical assistance through the use of robotic arm technologies. However, as technology has advanced, robotics has expanded its capabilities and found applications in a wide range of healthcare settings, leading to improved patient outcomes and enhanced efficiency for healthcare workers.
The integration of robotics and artificial intelligence (AI) has allowed robots to surpass human capabilities in terms of speed, accuracy, accessibility, and endurance. While humans possess superior intelligence, robots excel in tasks that require physical effort and repetitive actions, thereby reducing the burden on healthcare professionals. This, in turn, allows healthcare professionals to allocate their expertise where it is most needed. For instance, robots can perform precise and efficient laboratory sample testing, assist patients with rehabilitation exercises, and provide meticulous endpoint care in intensive care units (ICUs) and wards.